Three-Dimensional Kinematic Analysis of Prehension Movements in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: New Insights on Motor Impairment

Giovanna Cristina Campione, Caterina Piazza, Laura Villa, Massimo Molteni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The study was aimed at better clarifying whether action execution impairment in autism depends mainly on disruptions either in feedforward mechanisms or in feedback-based control processes supporting motor execution. To this purpose, we analyzed prehension movement kinematics in 4- and 5-year-old children with autism and in peers with typical development. Statistical analysis showed that the kinematics of the grasp component was spared in autism, whereas early kinematics of the reach component was atypical. We discussed this evidence as suggesting impairment in the feedforward processes involved in action execution, whereas impairment in feedback-based control processes remained unclear. We proposed that certain motor abilities are available in autism, and children may use them differently as a function of motor context complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1985-1999
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Autism-spectrum-disorder
  • Feedforward
  • Grasping
  • Kinematics
  • Reaching
  • Sensory-control-feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Three-Dimensional Kinematic Analysis of Prehension Movements in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: New Insights on Motor Impairment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this