Three-dimensional motion analysis of the human knee joint: Comparison between intra- and post-operative measurements

C. Belvedere, S. Tamarri, D. P. Notarangelo, A. Ensini, A. Feliciangeli, A. Leardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To compare intra-operative knee joint kinematic measurements immediately after total knee replacement with those of the same patients post-operatively at 6-month follow-up. Methods: Fifteen patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty were analysed retrospectively. Eight were implanted with one prosthesis design and seven with another. The intra-operative measurements were performed by using a standard knee navigation system. This provided accurate three-dimensional positions and orientations for the femur and tibia by corresponding trackers pinned into the bones. At 6-month follow-up, the patients were analysed by standard three-dimensional video-fluoroscopy of the replaced knee during stair climbing, chair rising and step-up. Relevant three-dimensional positions and orientations were obtained by an iterative shape-matching procedure between the silhouette contours and the CAD-model projections. A number of traditional kinematic parameters were calculated from both measurements to represent the joint motion. Results: Good post-operative replication of the intra-operative measurements was observed for most of the variables analysed. The statistical analysis also supported the good consistency between the intra- and post-operative measurements. Conclusions: Intra-operative kinematic measurements, accessible by a surgical navigation system, are predictive of the following motion performance of the replaced knees as experienced in typical activities of daily living. Level of evidence: Prognostic studies-investigating natural history and evaluating the effect of a patient characteristic, Level II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2375-2383
Number of pages9
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013


  • Helical axis
  • Knee kinematics
  • Surgical navigation
  • Tibiofemoral contact points
  • Total knee arthroplasty
  • Video-fluoroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery


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