Three novel human sporadic melanoma cell lines: signaling pathways controlled by MC1R, BRAF and β-catenins.

P. Zanna, I. Maida, C. Grieco, S. Guida, M. C. Turpin Sevilla, S. De Summa, S. Tommasi, G. A. Vena, R. Filotico, G. Guida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We studied the behaviour of three novel human sporadic melanoma cell lines (hmel1, hmel9, hmel11) extracted from tumors with different degrees of malignancy, concerning the cell signalling pathways controlled by MC1R, BRAF, NRAS and β-catenins. The novel cell lines were compared to metastatic cell lines (HBL, LND1), wild type (wt) for MC1R and BRAF genes, that have been extensively characterised and were used as control. All the novel cell lines have silent or no MC1R mutations even though MC1R signalling is severely impaired. Conversely, they harbour BRAF mutations at the V600 residue. These mutations determine a constitutive ERK phosphorylation in all the three cell lines. Our new melanoma cell lines were BRAF mutated in hetero- and homozygosis, even with a wild type MC1R, and unresponsive to NDP-MSH treatment. Quantity and subcellular localization of β-catenin were analyzed in both novel and control cell lines. In HBL and LND1 there were high levels of beta-catenin distributed in the cytoplasm/nucleus, while in the novel melanoma cell lines β-catenins were less abundant and seemed to be located at the plasma membrane/cytoplasm and absent in the nucleus. We sequenced beta-catenin cDNA for all the melanoma cell lines, and found mutations in HBL, LND1 and hmel1, while hmel9 and hmel11 were wt. We found that beta-catenin levels were not influenced by the RAS/RAF/MAPK pathway because inhibition with PD98059 (a MEK inhibitor) did not produce any effect on beta-catenin stability and/or localization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-141
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Cancer Research


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