Three year mortality in heart failure patients with very low left ventricular ejection fractions

Josef Niebauer, Andrew L. Clark, S. D. Anker, Andrew J S Coats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Left ventricular ejection fraction is a predictor of the outcome in patients with chronic heart failure. Some treatments cause a small increase in ejection fraction and may, thereby, improve prognosis. Method: We studied 99 patients with heart failure and very low left ventricular ejection fractions (all ≤20%). Seventy-four patients had ejection fractions of 11-20% and 25 had ≤10%. Patient follow up was censored at three years. Results: Mortality was 74% at three years. Left ventricular ejection fraction was not a predictor of mortality (P=0.36). In contrast, peak VO2 at the beginning of the study was a strong predictor of outcome (P=0.002). Conclusion: Three year survival is low when ejection fraction is very low. However, once the ejection fraction is ≤20% ejection fraction is no longer a predictor of mortality. These results suggest that it is unlikely that small increases in ejection fraction will be associated with a survival benefit in this group, and treatments aimed at increasing peak VO2 may be more appropriate. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-247
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Aug 31 1999


  • Chronic heart failure
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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