Thrombo-embolism and antithrombotic therapy for heart failure in sinus rhythm. A Joint Consensus Document from the ESC Heart Failure Association and the ESC Working Group on Thrombosis

Gregory Y H Lip, Piotr Ponikowski, Felicita Andreotti, Stefan D. Anker, Gerasimos Filippatos, Shunichi Homma, Joao Morais, Patrick Pullicino, Lars H. Rasmussen, Francisco Marin, Deirdre A. Lane, John McMurray, Arno Hoes, Jurrien Ten Berg, Raffaele De Caterina, Steen Kristensen, Uwe Zeymer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chronic heart failure (HF) with either reduced or preserved ejection fraction is common and remains an extremely serious disorder with a high mortality and morbidity. Many complications related to HF can be related to thrombosis. Epidemiological and pathophysiological data also link HF to an increased risk of thrombosis, leading to the clinical consequences of sudden death, stroke, systemic thrombo-embolism, and/or venous thrombo-embolism. This consensus document of the Heart Failure Association (EHFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the ESC Working Group on Thrombosis reviews the published evidence and summarizes 'best practice', and puts forward consensus statements that may help to define evidence gaps and assist management decisions in everyday clinical practice. In HF patients with atrial fibrillation, oral anticoagulation is recommended, and the CHA 2DS 2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores should be used to determine the likely riskbenefit ratio (thrombo-embolism prevention vs. risk of bleeding) of oral anticoagulation. In HF patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction who are in sinus rhythm there is no evidence of an overall benefit of vitamin K antagonists (e.g. warfarin) on mortality, with risk of major bleeding. Despite the potential for a reduction in ischaemic stroke, there is currently no compelling reason to use warfarin routinely for these patients. Risk factors associated with increased risk of thrombo-embolic events should be identified and decisions regarding use of anticoagulation individualized. Patient values and preferences are important determinants when balancing the risk of thrombo-embolism against bleeding risk. New oral anticoagulants that offer a different riskbenefit profile compared with warfarin may appear as an attractive therapeutic option, but this would need to be confirmed in clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-695
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Antithrombotic therapy
  • Aspirin
  • Heart failure
  • Sinus rhythm
  • Thrombo-embolism
  • Warfarin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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