BACKGROUND: Extracellular matrix components are known to modulate mesangial cell functions as adhesion, motility and proliferation. Among other extracellular matrix components, mesangial cells have been recently described to secrete thrombospondin (TSP), a high molecular weight glycoprotein, produced by several cell types, and known to play a role in embryogenesis, wound healing, angiogenesis, and tumorigenesis. The aim of this work was the functional and molecular characterization of TSP interactions with mesangial cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Adhesion of mesangial cells to TSP-coated plastic, and chemotaxis in the Boyden chamber assay were tested. In order to identify TSP active domains, heparin, known to bind to the amino-terminal region of TSP, four monoclonal antibodies directed against specific domains of the molecule, and TSP fragments obtained by enzymatic digestion were used. RESULTS: We found that TSP induces mesangial cell adhesion and chemotaxis, in a dose dependent manner. Adhesion was inhibited by antiserum against TSP, and by an anti-CD36 monoclonal antibody tested in the presence of heparin, but not by the peptide Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser. We have also found that only the carboxy-terminal end of TSP retains the adhesive properties of the molecule, while all the fragments tested showed some degree of chemotactic activity. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that TSP modulates mesangial cell adhesion and motility, thus acting as a potential autocrine and paracrine regulator of mesangial cell functions in normal and pathologic conditions.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
- cell motility
- extracellular matrix
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine