Thymoma and thymic carcinomas

Marta Scorsetti, Francesco Leo, Annalisa Trama, Rolando D'Angelillo, D. Serpico, Marianna Macerelli, Paolo Andrea Zucali, Gemma Gatta, Marina Chiara Garassino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Thymomas Ts and thymic carcinomas TCs are rare tumours of the mediastinum with an incidence rate of 1.7/million per year in Europe.Histological classification is based on rate of non-malignant-appearing thymic epithelial cells and proportions of lymphocytes A, AB, B1, B2, B3, and C, while staging system concerns localisation of the involved areas.Surgery is the mainstay of treatment with a 10-year survival of 80%, 78%, 75%, and 42% for stages I, II, III and IV, respectively, with an R0 resection.Radiotherapy has a role in selected cases stage III patients or R1-2 residual and platinum-based chemotherapy remains the standard of care for patients with advanced disease.A multimodality approach would be advisable when surgery is not recommended. Since molecular aberrations are poorly understood and few responses are reported, targeted therapies are yet being studied.In this review, we describe key aspects of clinical management for Ts and TCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)332-350
Number of pages19
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Chemotherapy
  • Diagnosis
  • Radiotherapy
  • Surgery
  • Targeted therapies
  • Thymic carcinoma
  • Thymomas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Hematology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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