Thyroglobulin-induced T-cell in vitro proliferation in Hashimoto's thyroiditis: Identification of the responsive subset and effect of monoclonal antibodies directed to Ia antigens

G. W. Canonica, M. E. Cosulich, R. Croci, S. Ferrini, M. Bagnasco, W. Dirienzo, O. Ferrini, A. Bargellesi, G. Giordano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recently it was reported that the peripheral blood and thyroid gland of patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis contain activated (Ia+ and/or MLR4+) T cells and high levels of 5 9+ ("helper") T lymphocytes. In normal individuals the 5 9 monoclonal antibody recognizes a T-cell fraction that includes all T lymphocytes with inducer activities. Here, circulating 5 9+ and 5 9- T lymphocytes were isolated from patients with Hashimoto's disease, and the proliferative response induced by human thyroglobulin was investigated. The results show that the total thyroglobulin-induced lymphocyte DNA synthesis is confined to the 5 9+ T-cell fraction. Further subfractionation of 5 9+ into MLR4+ and MLR4- cells clearly indicates that no substantial differences exist in their proliferative capacities. Whether 5 9, MLR4, and Ia antigens, all expressed on the thyroglobulin-responsive T-cell subset, are involved in thyroglobulin-induced cell proliferation, was also analyzed. Although both 5 9 and MLR4 monoclonal antibodies had no effect, complete inhibition of antigen-induced blastogenesis was observed upon addition of monoclonal antibodies ( D1 12 and BT2 9) directed to common determinants of Ia antigens. This inhibitory effect was also observed when T or non-T fractions were separately incubated with the monoclonal antibodies before culture. These results indicate that in humans, as in animals, the major histocompatibility complex may play a role in autoimmune thyroiditis. The data show that (a) the thyroglobulin-induced proliferative response is confined to a subset ( 5 9+) of T lymphocytes and (b) Ia antigens are involved in thyroglobulin-induced lymphocyte DNA synthesis in Hashimoto's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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