Background: To date, there is no agreement about the frequency or the features of thyroid abnormalities in McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS). The aim of our study was to detect thyroid abnormalities in a cohort of MAS children and adolescents and to give indications for their treatment and follow-up. Methods: In 36 patients, 22 females and 14 males, thyroid function and sonographic features of thyroid were evaluated every 6-12 months. Results: Three males and 1 female had hyperthyroidism: 2 with nodular, 2 with diffuse goiters. They were treated with methimazole (0.2-0.5 mg/kg/day) with good clinical and biochemical responses. The remaining 32 patients were euthyroid, even if 7 displayed sonographic alterations, of whom 5 had nodular goiter with nodules >1 cm, and 2 micronodular goiter. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed in 2 patients with nodules >1 cm, 1 showing hemorrhagic nodule and 1 colloid cystic nodule. Conclusions: Prevalence of thyroid alterations in the studied MAS series was 31%. 64% of 11 patients with thyroid alterations had nodular goiters, with nodules >1 cm. As the onset of thyroid disease ranged from 1 to 20 years, a strict monitoring of thyroid function is recommended every 6 months. Satisfactory treatment can be obtained and maintained with antithyroid drugs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism