Thyroid-thymus interaction on beta-adrenoceptor regulation during development and ageing

Claudio Viticchi, Andrea Basso, Roberta Grinta, Lucio Piantanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Up-regulation of brain cortex β-adrenoceptors (βARs) can be induced by very acute stimulation with a single injection of T4 or T3 in young Balb/c-nu mice. We have also shown that this very rapid receptor increase can also be demonstrated in ageing animals when stimulated with T3 but not T4 injection. The aim of the present paper was to verify the capability of the thymus to reverse these impairments which we often observed in other experiments on old mice and young athymic nudes. The up-regulation induced by T4 and T3 was studied in normal and athymic nude young, normal old, and normal old and athymic nude young mice grafted with neonatal thymus 1 month earlier. In addition, since brain cortex bears both βAR subpopulations, the eventual differential behavior of β1AR and β2AR subtypes was also investigated. Animals were injected intraperitoneally with saline, or saline containing 0.5 μg T3 or 6.4 μg T4 per g body weight and killed 15 or 60 min after injection. Results show that thymus can recover the modifications of basal levels as well as T3-induced up-regulation of βARs in nude and old mice. On the contrary, impaired response to T4 stimulation is corrected in nude but not in old mice. The peripheral conversion of T4 into T3 can explain their differential influence since a correct conversion only occurs in presence of an efficient β-adrenergic function. Thus, a vicious circle may occur with a decreasing number of β-adrenoceptors causing in old age altered T4 to T3 conversion, in turn responsible for altered β-adrenergic responsiveness to T4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalGerontology
Volume43
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • β-adrenoceptors up-regulation
  • Ageing
  • Brain cortex
  • Thymus
  • Thyroid hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing

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