Tibolone in postmenopausal women: A review based on recent randomised controlled clinical trials

Nicoletta Biglia, Silvia Maffei, Stefano Lello, Rossella E. Nappi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim.To critically discuss the use of tibolone (T), in light of a series of very recent double-blind placebo (PL) controlled trials (LISA, LIFT, OPAL, THEBES, LIBERATE) conducted worldwide in a large number of postmenopausal women (PMW). Methods.The most relevant publications on T therapy in PMW were considered with emphasis on menopausal symptoms, quality of life, sexuality, bone, cardiovascular system (CVS) and oncologic risk. Results.T significantly relieves climacteric symptoms and improves mood and sexual well-being (LISA). T is as effective as estrogenprogestin therapy in preventing bone loss and reducing the relative risk of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures (LIFT). By using surrogate endpoints of the individual risks for the CVS, studies show mixed results, but a favourable effect on acute miocardial infarction and thromboembolism has been documented (THEBES, LIFT, OPAL). Although findings about endometrial and colon cancer are reassuring, conclusive data on breast cancer risk with T are not available and an increased risk of recurrence in women with previous breast cancer emerged (LIBERATE). Conclusions.T is effective in treating menopausal syndrome with a good tolerability profile. In spite of some unsolved issues in term of safety, T is still a good treatment option for early PMW.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)804-814
Number of pages11
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


  • bone
  • Brain
  • breast
  • cardio-vascular system
  • endometrium
  • sexual function
  • urogenital tract
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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