Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in patients undergoing implantation of paclitaxel-eluting stent in the femoropopliteal district: A randomized pilot study using frequency-domain optical coherence tomography

Kenneth Ducci, Francesco Liistro, Italo Porto, Giorgio Ventoruzzo, Paolo Angioli, Giovanni Falsini, Rocco Vergallo, Leonardo Bolognese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Aim of this study was to evaluate different response in platelet reactivity and vessel healing using high-resolution frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) in patients with femoropopliteal artery disease treated with ZILVER PTX drug eluting stents (DES), and randomly assigned to clopidogrel or ticagrelor for 12 months. Background: The optimal antithrombotic regimen for long-term management of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) after revascularization is poorly defined and often extrapolated from trials performed on patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: In this single center randomized trial 40 patients with femoropopliteal artery disease treated with ZILVER PTX DES stents, were randomized to Ticagrelor (T) + Aspirin for 3 months, subsequently continuing Ticagrelor alone for another 9 months or Clopidogrel (C) + Aspirin for 3 months, subsequently continuing Clopidogrel alone for 9 months. Platelet reactivity via the P2Y12 pathway was evaluated at baseline and at 3 months follow-up, angiographic and FD-OCT follow-up along the entire stented segment was performed at 12 months. Results: No significant difference between T and C group was found concerning net percentage volume obstruction (29.7% ± 17.6% vs. 31.2% ± 10.7%; p = 0.78). FD-OCT at 12 months showed a high percentage of uncovered stent struts in both groups: 24.2% ± 32.8% in the T group vs 15.3% ± 15.8% in the C group (p = 0.4). Mean values of platelet reactivity units (PRU) at 3 month follow-up were 81 ± 72 in the T group and 200 ± 61 in the C group (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Significantly higher platelet reactivity remains in patients treated with clopidogrel as compared to ticagrelor 3 months after PTA and stent implantation. Ticagrelor does not reduce neointimal proliferation in patients treated with DES in the femoropopliteal district as compared with clopidogrel. A large amount of uncovered stent struts at 12-month follow-up was found in these patients regardless of the antiplatelet treatment assumed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Clopidogrel
  • Optical coherence tomography
  • Paclitaxel eluting stents
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Platelet reactivity
  • Ticagrelor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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