Tidal volume amplitude affects the degree of induced bronchoconstriction in dogs

Francesco G. Salerno, Norihiro Shinozuka, Jeffrey J. Fredberg, Mara S. Ludwig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

When isolated constricted airway smooth muscle is oscillated, muscle tone decreases. We investigated whether changing tidal volume (VT) would affect induced bronchoconstriction in an in vivo canine model. Open-chest dogs were intubated with a double-lumen endotracheal tube, which isolated each main bronchus, and mechanically ventilated with a dual-cylinder ventilator. Bronchial pressure (Pbr) and flow were measured separately in each lung. Resistance and elastance were calculated by fitting the changes in Pbr, flow, and volume to the equation of motion. After baseline measurements at the same VT (150 ml), the two lungs were ventilated with different VT (50 vs. 250 ml) at a constant positive end-expiratory pressure. A continuous infusion of methacholine was begun, and measurements were repeated. The two lungs were then ventilated with the same VT (250 ml), and measurements were again repeated. A similar protocol was performed in a second group of dogs in which mean Pbr was kept constant. Bronchoconstriction was more severe in the lung ventilated with lower VT in both protocols. When VT was reset to the same amplitude in the two lungs, the difference in bronchoconstriction was abrogated. These results demonstrate that large VT inhibits airway smooth muscle contraction, regardless of mean Pbr.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1674-1677
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume87
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

Keywords

  • Airway smooth muscle
  • Methacholine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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