Angiopoietin-1 is implicated in the maturation and remodeling of the vascular network during embryo development and in adult life. Through its tyrosine kinase receptor Tie-2 it stimulates endothelial cells to migrate and change shape. Here we show that angiopoietin-1 elicits chemokinesis of endothelial cells by a phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase/son of seven-less-dependent modulation of Rac1 and RhoA. The resulting temporal events are associated with cytoskeletal rearrangements and occur in discrete zones of the cell. Endothelial cells carrying dominant-negative mutants of RhoA and Rac1 or treated with LY294002, an inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-OH kinase, dramatically decrease their chemokinetic velocity. Taken together, these results further expand our understanding of angiopoietin-1-mediated endothelial cell motility during vascular network assembly and angiogenesis.
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