Objectives: We investigated the in vivo efficacy of tigecycline, a new glycylcycline (a tetracycline derivative), in the management of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-infected experimental surgical wounds in rats. The main outcome measures were quantitative bacterial culture, histological examination and immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and collagen IV. Methods: An animal model was used to compare the in vivo efficacy of teicoplanin and tigecycline in the treatment of burn wound infections by S. aureus. A copper bar, heated in boiling water, was placed on the paraspinal site of each rat, resulting in full thickness burns. A small gauze was placed over each burn and then inoculated with 5×107 cfu of S. aureus ATCC 43300. To mimic the clinical situation in burn patients, surgical debridement was performed 48 h after the injury. The wounds were left to heal by secondary intention. The study included an uninfected control group that did not receive any treatment, a contaminated group that did not receive any treatment, and two contaminated groups treated with intraperitoneal tigecycline (2 mg/kg) and teicoplanin (7 mg/kg), respectively. Results: All antibiotic treatments were significantly effective. Tigecycline showed the highest antimicrobial activity, with better impact on histological results. Infected rats treated with tigecycline showed a significant decrease in MMP-9 expression both in epithelium and in dermis compared with rats treated with teicoplanin. Conclusions: Tigecycline, besides its antimicrobial activity, exerts an important modulatory effect on MMP-9, accelerating wound healing in staphylococcal-infected burns.
- Animal models
- Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases