Tigecycline therapy significantly reduces the concentrations of inflammatory pulmonary cytokines and chemokines in a murine model of mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia

C. M. Salvatore, C. Techasaensiri, C. Tagliabue, K. Katz, N. Leos, A. M. Gomez, G. H. McCracken, R. D. Hardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is one of the causative agents of atypical community-acquired pneumonia. Tigecy-cllne belongs to a new class of glycylcycline antimicrobials that have activity against a wide range of micro-organisms, including in vitro activity against M. pneumoniae. We investigated the effect of tigecycline on microbiologic, histologic, and immunologic indices in a murine model of M. pneumoniae pneumonia. BALB/c mice were inoculated intranasally with M. pneumoniae and treated subcutaneously with tigecycline or placebo for 6 days. Outcome variables included quantitative bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) M. pneumoniae culture, lung histopathologic score (HPS), BAL cytokine and chemoklne concentrations (tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-et], gamma interferon [IFN-Y], interleukin Iß [IL-lß], IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-IO, IL-12 [p40/p70], granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, MIP-Ia, MIG, KC, MCP-I, and IP-IO). BAL M. pneu-moniae concentrations in mice treated with tigecycline (MpTige) tended to be reduced compared with mice treated with placebo (MpPl); however this did not reach statistical significance. The lung HPS was significantly lower, as well as the parenchymal-pneumonia subscore, in the MpTige mice than in the MpPl mice. MpTige mice had significantly lower BAL cytokine concentrations of IL-lß, IL-12 (p40/p70), IFN-Y, and TNF-a; of the chemokines, MIG, MIP-Ia, and IP-IO were statistically lower in MpTige mice. While tigecycline treatment demonstrated a modest microbiologic effect, it significantly improved lung histologic inflammation and reduced pulmonary cytokines and chemokines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1546-1551
Number of pages6
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume53
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases

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