Time course of stretching-induced changes in mechanomyogram and force characteristics

Fabio Esposito, Eloisa Limonta, Emiliano Cè

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


To evaluate the time-course of stretching-induced changes in mechanical properties of the muscle-tendon unit (MTU), 11 participants (age 22±1yr; body mass 77±5kg; stature 1.78±0.05m; mean±SD) underwent tetanic electrical stimulations of the medial gastrocnemius muscle before and after (up to 2h) stretching administration. During contractions, surface electromyogram (EMG), mechanomyogram (MMG) and force were recorded simultaneously. From MMG, peak-to-peak (p-p) and root mean square (RMS) were calculated during the on-phase and plateau phase of tetanic contraction, respectively. After stretching: (i) no differences were found in EMG parameters; (ii) MMG p-p and slope decreased (-16% and -10%, respectively; P2F/dt 2) derivative, decreased significantly by 32%, 35% and 54%, respectively, and remained depressed for the entire recovery period. The lack of MMG p-p and pF recovery could be ascribable to a reduced muscle force generating capacity due to persisting changes in viscoelastic characteristics of series elastic components. The early return of MMG RMS to pre-stretching values suggests that changes in viscoelastic parallel components recovered after few minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-802
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


  • Electrical stimulation
  • EMG
  • MMG
  • Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Time course of stretching-induced changes in mechanomyogram and force characteristics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this