Time course of the upper limb motor recovery in subacute stroke patients undergoing conventional or robotic rehabilitation. A preliminary report

M. Germanotta, A. Cruciani, C. Galli, D. Cattaneo, A. Spedicato, I. Aprile

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Upper limb recovery is a complex process and a strong challenge in the rehabilitation of patients after stroke. Several studies have been conducted to compare the efficacy of conventional and robotic rehabilitation to restore the upper limb motor impairment following a stroke. However, the evolution of the upper limb motor ability during an intervention, as well as the time point when the patient stops improving (the so call plateau), are rarely measured, and never compared between the two approaches. These latter aspects are very important considering the need for an optimization of the economic resources. In this study, the time course of the upper limb motor recovery of 24 subacute stroke patients undergoing a 30-session robotic or conventional treatment was analyzed through the upper extremity portion of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment scale (FMA-UE). The FMA-UE was administered before the treatment, and after 10, 20, and 30 rehabilitation sessions. Statistical analysis showed that, according to the FMA-UE, the time course in the two groups was similar: patients did not change between the baseline and the 10-session assessment, while they improved between 10 and 20 sessions, and between 20 and 30 sessions, with most of the gain observed between 10 and 20 sessions. This result suggests that 30-session robotic or conventional rehabilitation programs induce a similar curve trend in the upper limb motor recovery of patients with subacute stroke, with an important increase in the middle of the program and without reaching a clear plateau in the analyzed time interval.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-208.
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume34
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • Fugl-Meyer assessment
  • rehabilitation
  • robotics
  • stroke
  • upper extremity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Physiology
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research

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