In 11 anaesthetised, open chest dogs the time course and degree of the coronary vasodilating response to intracoronary adenosine infusion was assessed. Continuous adenosine infusion, at a rate of 2.5 to 13.5 μmol.min -1, produced rapid (15 to 30 s) vasodilatation of the same degree as that evoked by a 30 s eriod ischaemia (reactive peak hyperaemia), a finding reported previously by others. However, continuing the infusion led to further coronary vasodilatation, reaching a maximum 20 to 45 min from the beginning of the infusion and remaining constant for up to 2 h, independently of further increases in the dose. This late response produced, on average, vasodilatation twice as great as that observed during reactive hyperaemia and was not associated with any haemodynamic change or with the opening of arterio-venous shunts. The results: 1) suggest the existence of a double, time-dependent response of coronary receptor(s) to adenosine; 2) demonstrate, in the presence of a prolonged vasodilating stimulus, a possible increase in coronary blood flow a degree far beyond that of post-ischaemic reactive peak flow, which is generally considered to be the maximal value of coronary blood flow that can be achieved.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Applied Mathematics
- Physiology (medical)