Time since menopause does not affect plasma viscosity, plasma thromboxane levels and Doppler findings

Fulvia Mancini, Nicola Persico, Giorgia Regnani, Annibale Volpe, Cesare Battaglia, Domenico De Aloysio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate whether the use of transdermal hormone replacement therapy (HRT), in women within 5 years of menopause compared with women who were postmenopausal for > 5 years, would significantly influence thromboxane B2 levels, plasma viscosity and Doppler flow parameters at the level of the uterine, internal carotid, ophthalmic and bladder wall arteries. Methods. Thirty-five normal-weight (body mass index > 19 and <25 kg/m2) postmenopausal women (age 54.6 ± 3.9 years, mean ± standard deviation) participated in the study and were divided into two groups (Group I: w = 19, time since menopause <5 years; and Group II: n = 16, time since menopause > 5 years). Patients were treated with a continuous estradiol transdermal supplementation and 12-day courses of medroxyprogesterone acetate every 2 months. They were studied at baseline and after 6 months (in the estrogen-only phase of the cycle). Results. Results showed a beneficial effect of hormone substitution after 6 months of therapy. Baseline plasma viscosity was similar in both groups, and decreased significantly after therapy in both Group I (-17.5%) and Group II (-15.6%). Plasma levels of thromboxane B2 were similar at baseline and diminished equally in Group I and Group II (-85.6% and -85.2%, respectively) after treatment. Doppler assessment of the pulsatility index at the level of uterine, internal carotid, ophthalmic and bladder wall arteries showed no differences between groups at baseline and revealed a significant reduction of vascular impedance at the end of the treatment in both groups. Conclusions. Time since menopause does not affect the ootential hemodvnamic benefits of HRT in normal-weight women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-175
Number of pages6
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Doppler
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Plasma viscosity
  • Thromboxane
  • Time since menopause

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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