Time-trend analysis of the pulmonary function after surgical treatment for esophageal cancer

F. Lococo, A. Cesario, S. Margaritora, G. Apolone, S. Cavuto, G. Leuzzi, F. Pasqua, V. Cardaci, L. Petracca Ciavarella, P. Granone, Luosha Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in function of time, the modification of pulmonary function after radical esophagectomy with the aim of identifying clinical and/or surgical predictors of functional worsening. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 57 patients operated from 01/06 to 06/11 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-eight patients (67%) underwent transhiatal cervico-laparotomic (CL-Group) and 19 (33%) a Mc-Keown cervico-thoraco-laparotomic esophagectomy (CTL-Group). The pulmonary function has been evaluated before and one month after surgery. The outcome has been benchmarked with demographic/clinical characteristics, the type of operation and the presence of post-operative pulmonary complications (POPCs). RESULTS: Mean age and male/female distribution were 66.6±10.6 yrs and 39/18, respectively. A total of 14 (24% of total sample) POPCs occurred with a significantly higher occurrence in the CTL-Group (71% vs 28%, p <0.001) and in those patients with a pre-operative concurrent pathological condition (64% in COPD patients vs 36% in patients without COPD, p = 0.021). A global worsening of the spirometric parameters (expressed as the baseline percentage change, Δ) emerged, but this decrease was significantly higher in the CTL-Group in terms of Δ-FVC (p = 0.005) and Δ-FEV1 (p = 0.005). Similarly, those patients who have experienced a POPC, showed a higher reduction of the pulmonary function regardless of the surgical approach when compared with those who did not (Δ-FVC: p = 0.053 and Δ-FEV1%: p = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: In the context of a global reduction of pulmonary function, patients who underwent trans-thoracic esophagectomy or experienced a POPC showed a significantly worse pattern. These patients could be the "best target" for therapeutic rehabilitative strategies in the pre-operative and/or post-operative setting. This assumption is to be proven through prospective clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3189-3198
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume18
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Chest physical therapy
  • Esophagectomy
  • Pulmonary function
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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