Timing of Gestures: Gestures Anticipating or Simultaneous With Speech as Indexes of Text Comprehension in Children and Adults

Francesco Ianì, Ilaria Cutica, Monica Bucciarelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The deep comprehension of a text is tantamount to the construction of an articulated mental model of that text. The number of correct recollections is an index of a learner's mental model of a text. We assume that another index of comprehension is the timing of the gestures produced during text recall; gestures are simultaneous with speech when the learner has built an articulated mental model of the text, whereas they anticipate the speech when the learner has built a less articulated mental model. The results of four experiments confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions for both children and adults. Provided that the recollections are correct, the timing of gestures can differ and can be considered a further measure of the quality of the mental model, beyond the number of correct recollections.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCognitive Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Gestures
Gesture
Mental Models
Text Comprehension
Recollection
Experiments

Keywords

  • Gestures
  • Learning from text
  • Mental model
  • Temporality
  • Text comprehension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Timing of Gestures : Gestures Anticipating or Simultaneous With Speech as Indexes of Text Comprehension in Children and Adults. / Ianì, Francesco; Cutica, Ilaria; Bucciarelli, Monica.

In: Cognitive Science, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ccb7189a067e48269201c5afbdf7c72e,
title = "Timing of Gestures: Gestures Anticipating or Simultaneous With Speech as Indexes of Text Comprehension in Children and Adults",
abstract = "The deep comprehension of a text is tantamount to the construction of an articulated mental model of that text. The number of correct recollections is an index of a learner's mental model of a text. We assume that another index of comprehension is the timing of the gestures produced during text recall; gestures are simultaneous with speech when the learner has built an articulated mental model of the text, whereas they anticipate the speech when the learner has built a less articulated mental model. The results of four experiments confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions for both children and adults. Provided that the recollections are correct, the timing of gestures can differ and can be considered a further measure of the quality of the mental model, beyond the number of correct recollections.",
keywords = "Gestures, Learning from text, Mental model, Temporality, Text comprehension",
author = "Francesco Ian{\`i} and Ilaria Cutica and Monica Bucciarelli",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/cogs.12381",
language = "English",
journal = "Cognitive Science",
issn = "0364-0213",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Timing of Gestures

T2 - Gestures Anticipating or Simultaneous With Speech as Indexes of Text Comprehension in Children and Adults

AU - Ianì, Francesco

AU - Cutica, Ilaria

AU - Bucciarelli, Monica

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The deep comprehension of a text is tantamount to the construction of an articulated mental model of that text. The number of correct recollections is an index of a learner's mental model of a text. We assume that another index of comprehension is the timing of the gestures produced during text recall; gestures are simultaneous with speech when the learner has built an articulated mental model of the text, whereas they anticipate the speech when the learner has built a less articulated mental model. The results of four experiments confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions for both children and adults. Provided that the recollections are correct, the timing of gestures can differ and can be considered a further measure of the quality of the mental model, beyond the number of correct recollections.

AB - The deep comprehension of a text is tantamount to the construction of an articulated mental model of that text. The number of correct recollections is an index of a learner's mental model of a text. We assume that another index of comprehension is the timing of the gestures produced during text recall; gestures are simultaneous with speech when the learner has built an articulated mental model of the text, whereas they anticipate the speech when the learner has built a less articulated mental model. The results of four experiments confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions for both children and adults. Provided that the recollections are correct, the timing of gestures can differ and can be considered a further measure of the quality of the mental model, beyond the number of correct recollections.

KW - Gestures

KW - Learning from text

KW - Mental model

KW - Temporality

KW - Text comprehension

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973926526&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84973926526&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/cogs.12381

DO - 10.1111/cogs.12381

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84973926526

JO - Cognitive Science

JF - Cognitive Science

SN - 0364-0213

ER -