TIMP-1 is Overexpressed and Secreted by Platinum Resistant Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Cells

Maura Sonego, Evelina Poletto, Eliana Pivetta, Milena S Nicoloso, Rosanna Pellicani, Gian Luca Rampioni Vinciguerra, Francesca Citron, Roberto Sorio, Maurizio Mongiat, Gustavo Baldassarre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epithelial Ovarian Cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecological cancer in developed countries, and the development of new strategies to overcome chemoresistance is an awaited clinical need. Angiogenesis, the development of new blood vessels from pre-existing vasculature, has been validated as a therapeutic target in this tumor type. The aim of this study is to verify if EOC cells with acquired resistance to platinum (PT) treatment display an altered angiogenic potential. Using a proteomic approach, we identified the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1) as the only secreted factor whose expression was up-regulated in PT-resistant TOV-112D and OVSAHO EOC cells used as study models. We report that TIMP-1 acts as a double-edged sword in the EOC microenvironment, directly affecting the response to PT treatment on tumor cells and indirectly altering migration and proliferation of endothelial cells. Interestingly, we found that high TIMP-1 levels in stage III-IV EOC patients associate with decreased overall survival, especially if they were treated with PT or bevacizumab. Taken together, these results pinpoint TIMP-1 as a key molecule involved in the regulation of EOC PT-resistance and progression disclosing the possibility that it could be used as a new biomarker of PT-resistance and/or therapeutic target.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E6
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 2019

Keywords

  • epithelial ovarian cancer, platinum resistance, angiogenesis

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