TIPS for Budd-Chiari Syndrome: Long-Term Results and Prognostics Factors in 124 Patients

Juan Carlos Garcia-Pagán, Mathis Heydtmann, Sebastian Raffa, Aurélie Plessier, Sarwa Murad, Federica Fabris, Giovanni Vizzini, Juan Gonzales Abraldes, Simon Olliff, Antonio Nicolini, Angelo Luca, Massimo Primignani, Harry L A Janssen, Dominique Valla, Elwyn Elias, Jaume Bosch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background & Aims: Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare and life-threatening disorder secondary to hepatic venous outflow obstruction. Small series of BCS patients indicate that transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) may be useful. However, the influence of TIPS on patient survival and factors that predict the outcome of TIPS in BCS patients remain unknown. Methods: One hundred twenty-four consecutive BCS patients treated with TIPS in 6 European centers between July 1993 and March 2006 were followed until death, orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), or last clinical evaluation. Results: Prior to treatment with TIPS, BCS patients had a high Model of End Stage Liver Disease and high Rotterdam BCS prognostic index (98% of patients at intermediate or high risk) indicating severity of liver dysfunction. However, 1- and 5-year OLT-free survival were 88% and 78%, respectively. In the high-risk patients, 5-year OLT-free survival was much better than that estimated by the Rotterdam BCS index (71% vs 42%, respectively). In the whole population, bilirubin, age, and international normalized ratio for prothrombin time independently predicted 1-year OLT-free survival. A prognostic score with a good discriminative capacity (area under the curve, 0.86) was developed from these variables. Seven out of 8 patients with a score >7 died or underwent transplantation vs 5 out of 114 patients with a score

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-815
Number of pages8
JournalGastroenterology
Volume135
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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