This review first summarizes the different strategies of gene therapy of cancer and then focuses on the immunological approach. Several studies in animal models with cytokine gene-transduced tumor cells indicate that local cytokine release usually results in tumor growth inhibition. Moreover, in a number of cases vaccination with such cells can reduce growth of established tumors or even cure the tumor-bearing animals. Translation of such a principle in human clinical setting is reported. We have transduced human melanoma cells with gents coding for interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4 or B7-1 and characterized such lines. The phenotype did not change after gene insertion but the functional, immunostimulatory activity of IL-2 or B7-1 gene-transduced melanoma cells was significantly increased compared to that of parental lines. These lines were then used to vaccinate melanoma patients. Preliminary results of trials with IL-2 gene-transduced cells are presented which indicate a weak clinical response and the activation of a melanoma-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte response in a low percentage of patients.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- Gene therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)