Tissue distribution of monoamine neurotransmitters in normal and regenerating arms of the feather star Antedon mediterranea

M. Daniela Candia Carnevali, Francesco Bonasoro, Roberto Invernizzi, Elisa Lucca, Ulrich Welsch, Michael C. Thorndyke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Crinoid echinoderms can completely and rapidly regenerate arms lost following self-induced or traumatic amputation. Arm regeneration in these animals therefore provides a valuable experimental model for studying all aspects of regenerative processes, particularly with respect to the nervous system and its specific contribution to regenerative phenomena. Taking into account the primary role of the nervous system in regeneration in other invertebrates, we have investigated the specific involvement of neural factors, viz. the monoamine neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin, in arm regeneration of Antedon mediterranea. In the present work, the presence of classical monoamines has been revealed by employing specific immunocytochemical and histofluorescence tests in association with biochemical detection by means of high pressure liquid chromatography. The distribution pattern of these neurohumoral molecules at standard regenerative stages has been compared with that of normal non-regenerating arms. Results indicate that both dopamine and serotonin dramatically change in both their distribution and concentration during the repair and regenerative processes. Their remarkably enhanced pattern during regeneration and widespread presence at the level of both nervous and non-nervous tissues indicates that they are important neural growth-promoting factors in crinoid arm regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-352
Number of pages12
JournalCell & Tissue Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • Antedon mediterranea (Echinodermata)
  • Arm regeneration
  • Dopamine
  • Nervous system
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Anatomy


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