Tissue-engineered cartilage composite with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene membrane

Jian Wei Xu, Jamal Nazzal, Giuseppe M. Peretti, C. Hendrik Kirchhoff, Mark A. Randolph, Michael J. Yaremchuk

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The authors report a new approach using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) membrane as pseudoperichondrium to support engineered cartilage. Swine auricular chondrocytes were isolated and mixed with fibrin glue to achieve a final concentration of 40 × 10 6 cells per milliliter. The fibrin glue-cell suspension was assembled with ePTFE and the constructs were implanted into the dorsal subcutaneous pockets of nude mice for 12 weeks. Two experimental groups were prepared in this study: (1) ePTFE placed in the central part of the specimen in group 1 and (2) ePTFE placed on the outside surfaces in group 2. All specimens were subjected to histological and gross mechanical evaluation. Histological results showed neocartilage formation in both groups. The integration between neocartilage and ePTFE forms a tight bond. Gross mechanical testing revealed that the flexibility of specimens in group 2 were similar to that of native cartilage with intact perichondrium, whereas the flexibility of specimens in group 1 were poor. From these results the authors conclude that it is possible to produce a tissue-engineered cartilage framework using ePTFE as a support material to simulate the perichondrium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-532
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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