The degradation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-free matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 to proteolytically inactive fragments by plasmin was inhibited in equimolar mixtures of purified TIMP-2 and TIMP-free MMP-2 and was not observed in purified MMP-2-TIMP-2 complexes. Divalent cation chelators EDTA and sodium Alendronate did not inhibit plasmin degradation of TIMP-free MMP-2 but reversed the ability of TIMP-2 to protect MMP-2 from degradation by plasmin. Our data confirm a role for plasmin in the clearance of TIMP-free MMP-2, identify a pivotal role for TIMP-2 in regulating MMP-2 longevity in plasmin-containing environments, and highlight a novel therapeutic use for chelators of divalent cations, including the bisphosphonate Alendronate, in the reversal of TIMP-2 protection of MMP-2 from degradation by plasmin. We propose that these observations are relevant to pathologies that are dependent upon plasmin and MMP-2 activity (e:g., tumor invasion and metastasis).
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research