Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 protection of matrix metalloproteinase-2 from degradation by plasmin is reversed by divalent cation chelator EDTA and the bisphosphonate alendronate

Antonietta R. Farina, Antonella Tacconelli, Anna Teti, Alberto Gulino, Andrew R. Mackay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The degradation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-free matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 to proteolytically inactive fragments by plasmin was inhibited in equimolar mixtures of purified TIMP-2 and TIMP-free MMP-2 and was not observed in purified MMP-2-TIMP-2 complexes. Divalent cation chelators EDTA and sodium Alendronate did not inhibit plasmin degradation of TIMP-free MMP-2 but reversed the ability of TIMP-2 to protect MMP-2 from degradation by plasmin. Our data confirm a role for plasmin in the clearance of TIMP-free MMP-2, identify a pivotal role for TIMP-2 in regulating MMP-2 longevity in plasmin-containing environments, and highlight a novel therapeutic use for chelators of divalent cations, including the bisphosphonate Alendronate, in the reversal of TIMP-2 protection of MMP-2 from degradation by plasmin. We propose that these observations are relevant to pathologies that are dependent upon plasmin and MMP-2 activity (e:g., tumor invasion and metastasis).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2957-2960
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Research
Volume58
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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