INTRODUCTION: This study investigated perioperative and mid-term clinical outcomes after laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSCP) with light titanium-coated polypropylene (TCP) mesh in a large group of patients affected by International Continence Society stage II-IV pelvic organ prolapse (POP).
METHODS: This multicenter retrospective study included 217 patients treated with LSCP using TCP mesh. We aimed to (1) analyze the intra- and postoperative complication rates according to the ICS/IUGA Complication Classification Code guidelines, (2) evaluate the anatomical results and (3) assess postoperative patient satisfaction with the Patient Global Impression Improvement questionnaire. Nonparametric Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, χ2 test and Fisher's exact test were used where appropriate.
RESULTS: The intraoperative complications were two (0.9%) cases of hemorrhage, two (0.9%) cases of incidental cystotomy and four (1.8%) cases of incidental colpotomy. During the postoperative follow-up, we recorded mesh exposure in 3 (1.4%) out of 217 patients. These 3 patients were from a group of 22 women who underwent vaginal opening during surgery, while in the remaining 195 patients without incidental colpotomy, no mesh exposure was observed (13.6% vs. 0.0%, p < 0.001). No failure of the apical compartment was observed, while 3 (1.4%) out of 217 patients experienced isolated anterior recurrence, and 1 (0.4%) patient had isolated posterior recurrence. All patients reported PGI-I scores ≥ 3, and 209 patients (96.3%) had a PGI-I score ≥ 2.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of light TCP mesh is safe and effective during LSCP for POP repair from both an anatomical and a functional point of view, posing a very low postoperative mesh-related complication risk.