Objective: To evaluate prospectively midterm outcomes of a new titanium-coated fixed polypropylene sling for male stress urinary incontinence. Materials and Methods: From January 2013 to June 2016, 44 consecutive patients with incontinence caused by radical prostatectomy (39) or transurethral resection of prostate (5) underwent transobturator 2-arm titanium-coated sling (TiLOOP Male) implantation with an inside-out, single-incision technique, leaving the bulbourethral muscle in place. Patients have been assessed postoperatively with uroflowmetry, pad count, International Prostate Symptom Score-Short Form, Incontinence Impact Quetionnaire-7, Patient's Global Impression of Improvement, Overactive Bladder questionnaire, International Prostate Symptom Score, and satisfaction (yes or no). Successful outcome included cure (no pad use or 1 dry “security” pad) or improvement (reduction of at least 50% of the pad count). Results: Evaluated patients had mild (11 of 44, 25%), moderate (26 of 44, 59%), or severe (7 of 44, 16%) incontinence. After a median follow-up of 25 months (range 12-55, minimum 12 months), 24 (54.6%) patients were cured and 10 (22.7%) were improved, which was a global success rate of 77.3%. There were 10 (22.7%) failures in the first 6 months. Zero pad rate was 50%. Subjective success (Patient's Global Impression of Improvement very much or much improved) was achieved in 33 (75%) patients. Mean scores of ICIQ-SF, ICIQ-QoL, and IIQ-7 improved to a statistically significant extent. Satisfaction was reported by 33 (75%) patients. Uroflowmetry parameters were unchanged postoperatively, and most of the complications were Clavien-Dindo grade I. Body mass index ≥30 and previous irradiation or high-intensity focused ultrasound were independent predictors of failure. Conclusion: TiLOOP Male provided favorable and stable midterm continence outcomes. The inside-out approach was safe, and the tolerability of the sling and the single-incision technique was satisfactory. Patients with obesity and previous irradiation or high-intensity focused ultrasound should be aware of their higher risk of failure.
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