Tumour necrosis factor α (TNF) is a multipotent cytokine which affects many biological properties of both normal and neoplastic cells. Here we show that treatment with TNF reduces B16-A melanoma cell susceptibility to normal and in vivo- and in vitro-activated NK cell-mediated killing. This resistance is associated with an enhancement of B16-A metastatic potential in normal syngeneic mice, but not in anti-asialo GM 1-treated animals, further supporting the NK dependence of TNF-induced enhancement of metastatic ability. A significant increase of MHC class I expression on B16-A murine melanoma cells is observed after TNF treatment. In all these effects TNF interacts positively with interferon γ (IFN γ). Taken together, these results indicate that TNF treatment negatively affects the susceptibility of B16-A murine melanoma to NK effectors in vivo and in vitro. This decreased susceptibility may be related, at least in part, to enhanced expression of MHC class I antigens on tumour cells.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Scandinavian Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
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