TNP-470 and recombinant human interferon-α2a inhibit angiogenesis synergistically

Monica Minischetti, Angelo Vacca, Domenico Ribatti, Monica Iurlaro, Roberto Ria, Antonio Pellegrino, Giampietro Gasparini, Franco Dammacco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The hypothesis that the combination of two known antiangiogenic agents TNP-470 and interferon (IFN)-α exerts synergistic effects has been investigated in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, TNP-470 and recombinant human IFN-α2a (rhIFN-α2a) resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and EA.hy926 endothelial cells. Compared with the two agents used singly at their lowest or ineffective doses, combined treatment with the same doses inhibited more intensely in the absence of cytotoxicity and displayed similar behaviour on cell chemotaxis and capillary morphogenesis on Matrigel. However, the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 was not influenced by the two agents, either alone or in combination, even when they were applied at their lowest efficacious doses or at higher cytotoxic doses. Experiments in vivo with the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM)-sponge assay revealed the same dose-dependent inhibition and synergy. As the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced angiogenesis in the CAM- sponge model was strongly inhibited by the combined treatment. TNP-470 and rhIFN-α2a would appear to exert antiangiogenesis synergistically, perhaps by interfering with the bFGF-mediated pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-837
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Angiogenesis
  • Antiangiogenesis
  • Endothelial cells
  • rhIFN- α2a
  • TNP-470

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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