Tobacco smoke cooperates with interleukin-1β to alter β-catenin trafficking in vascular endothelium resulting in increased permeability and induction of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in vitro and in vivo

Silvia S. Barbieri, Babette B. Weksler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cigarette smoking affects all phases of atherosclerosis from endothelial dysfunction to acute occlusive clinical events. We explored activation by exposure to tobacco smoke of two genes, β-catenin and COX-2, that play key roles in inflammation and vascular remodeling events. Using both in vivo and in vitro smoke exposure, we determined that tobacco smoke (TS) induced nuclear β-catenin accumulation and COX-2 expression and activity and moreover interacted with IL-1β to enhance these effects. Exposure of cardiac endothelial cells to tobacco smoke plus IL-1β (TS/IL-1β) enhanced permeability of endothelial monolayers and disrupted membrane VE-cadherin/β-catenin complexes, decreased β-catenin phosphorylation, and increased phosphorylation of GSK-3β, Akt, and EGFR. Transfection of endothelial cells with β-catenin-directed small interferring RNA (siRNA) suppressed TS/IL-1β-mediated effects on COX-2 modulation. Inhibitors of EGFR and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase also abolished both the TS/IL-1β-mediated modulation of the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway and enhancement of COX-2 expression. Moreover, increased levels of Akt and GSK-3β phosphorylation, nuclear β-catenin accumulation, COX-2 expression, and IL-1β were observed in cardiovascular tissue of ApoE-/- mice exposed to cigarette smoke daily for 2 wk. Our results suggest a novel mechanism by which cigarette smoking can induce proinflammatory and proatherosclerotic effects in vascular tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1831-1843
Number of pages13
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Fingerprint

Catenins
Tobacco
Vascular Endothelium
interleukin-1
prostaglandin synthase
Cyclooxygenase 2
smoke
endothelium
Interleukin-1
blood vessels
Smoke
Permeability
permeability
tobacco
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3
Phosphorylation
Tobacco Products
phosphorylation
smoking (habit)
Endothelial cells

Keywords

  • Endothelial cells
  • Inflammation
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Cigarette smoking affects all phases of atherosclerosis from endothelial dysfunction to acute occlusive clinical events. We explored activation by exposure to tobacco smoke of two genes, β-catenin and COX-2, that play key roles in inflammation and vascular remodeling events. Using both in vivo and in vitro smoke exposure, we determined that tobacco smoke (TS) induced nuclear β-catenin accumulation and COX-2 expression and activity and moreover interacted with IL-1β to enhance these effects. Exposure of cardiac endothelial cells to tobacco smoke plus IL-1β (TS/IL-1β) enhanced permeability of endothelial monolayers and disrupted membrane VE-cadherin/β-catenin complexes, decreased β-catenin phosphorylation, and increased phosphorylation of GSK-3β, Akt, and EGFR. Transfection of endothelial cells with β-catenin-directed small interferring RNA (siRNA) suppressed TS/IL-1β-mediated effects on COX-2 modulation. Inhibitors of EGFR and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase also abolished both the TS/IL-1β-mediated modulation of the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway and enhancement of COX-2 expression. Moreover, increased levels of Akt and GSK-3β phosphorylation, nuclear β-catenin accumulation, COX-2 expression, and IL-1β were observed in cardiovascular tissue of ApoE-/- mice exposed to cigarette smoke daily for 2 wk. Our results suggest a novel mechanism by which cigarette smoking can induce proinflammatory and proatherosclerotic effects in vascular tissue.",
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N2 - Cigarette smoking affects all phases of atherosclerosis from endothelial dysfunction to acute occlusive clinical events. We explored activation by exposure to tobacco smoke of two genes, β-catenin and COX-2, that play key roles in inflammation and vascular remodeling events. Using both in vivo and in vitro smoke exposure, we determined that tobacco smoke (TS) induced nuclear β-catenin accumulation and COX-2 expression and activity and moreover interacted with IL-1β to enhance these effects. Exposure of cardiac endothelial cells to tobacco smoke plus IL-1β (TS/IL-1β) enhanced permeability of endothelial monolayers and disrupted membrane VE-cadherin/β-catenin complexes, decreased β-catenin phosphorylation, and increased phosphorylation of GSK-3β, Akt, and EGFR. Transfection of endothelial cells with β-catenin-directed small interferring RNA (siRNA) suppressed TS/IL-1β-mediated effects on COX-2 modulation. Inhibitors of EGFR and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase also abolished both the TS/IL-1β-mediated modulation of the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway and enhancement of COX-2 expression. Moreover, increased levels of Akt and GSK-3β phosphorylation, nuclear β-catenin accumulation, COX-2 expression, and IL-1β were observed in cardiovascular tissue of ApoE-/- mice exposed to cigarette smoke daily for 2 wk. Our results suggest a novel mechanism by which cigarette smoking can induce proinflammatory and proatherosclerotic effects in vascular tissue.

AB - Cigarette smoking affects all phases of atherosclerosis from endothelial dysfunction to acute occlusive clinical events. We explored activation by exposure to tobacco smoke of two genes, β-catenin and COX-2, that play key roles in inflammation and vascular remodeling events. Using both in vivo and in vitro smoke exposure, we determined that tobacco smoke (TS) induced nuclear β-catenin accumulation and COX-2 expression and activity and moreover interacted with IL-1β to enhance these effects. Exposure of cardiac endothelial cells to tobacco smoke plus IL-1β (TS/IL-1β) enhanced permeability of endothelial monolayers and disrupted membrane VE-cadherin/β-catenin complexes, decreased β-catenin phosphorylation, and increased phosphorylation of GSK-3β, Akt, and EGFR. Transfection of endothelial cells with β-catenin-directed small interferring RNA (siRNA) suppressed TS/IL-1β-mediated effects on COX-2 modulation. Inhibitors of EGFR and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase also abolished both the TS/IL-1β-mediated modulation of the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway and enhancement of COX-2 expression. Moreover, increased levels of Akt and GSK-3β phosphorylation, nuclear β-catenin accumulation, COX-2 expression, and IL-1β were observed in cardiovascular tissue of ApoE-/- mice exposed to cigarette smoke daily for 2 wk. Our results suggest a novel mechanism by which cigarette smoking can induce proinflammatory and proatherosclerotic effects in vascular tissue.

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