Tolerability of Bowel Preparation and Colonoscopy in IBD Patients: Results from a Prospective, Single-Center, Case-Control Study

Cristina Bezzio, Mario Schettino, Gianpiero Manes, Paolo Andreozzi, Ilaria Arena, Cristina Della Corte, Martina Costetti, Massimo Devani, Barbara Federica Omazzi, Simone Saibeni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Endoscopy plays a fundamental role in the management of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of bowel preparation and colonoscopy in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) patients compared to subjects participating in a colorectal cancer population screening program. Methods: Consecutive enrolment of CD and UC patients and screening subjects (SS) undergoing colonoscopy. Bowel preparation was done by split dose of 2 L PEG-ELS + simethicone. We recorded endoscopic, clinical, and demographic features; cleanliness rating using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale (BBPS); and sedation doses. Bowel-preparation tolerability, discomfort, and pain during colonoscopy were assessed using a Visual Analogue Scale from 0 to 100 mm. Results: Sixty-three UC (mean age 49.9 ± 14.9 years), 63 CD (mean age 44.0 ± 14.0 years), and 63 SS (mean age 59.9 ± 6.3 years) patients were enrolled. Bowel preparation was similarly tolerated in UC, CD, and SS (P = 0.397). A complete colonoscopy was similarly performed in UC (59/63, 93.7%), CD (58/63, 92.1%), and SS (60/63, 95.2%) (P = 0.364). The BBPS did not show significant differences between UC (6.2 ± 1.6), CD (6.1 ± 1.3), and SS (6.2 ± 1.4) (P = 0.824). The need to increase sedation doses was significantly higher in CD (24/63, 38.1%) and UC (16/63, 25.4%) than in SS (4/63, 6.3%) (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Bowel preparation is equally tolerated and efficacious in IBD patients and in healthy SS. In IBD, higher sedation doses are needed to guarantee an equally tolerated colonoscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalCrohn's and Colitis 360
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • bowel preparation
  • Crohn's disease
  • endoscopy
  • sedation
  • ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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