Topographical Features of Graphene-Oxide-Functionalized Substrates Modulate Cancer and Healthy Cell Adhesion Based on the Cell Tissue of Origin

A. Marrella, P. Giannoni, I. Pulsoni, R. Quarto, R. Raiteri, S. Scaglione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Graphene-derived materials, such as graphene oxide (GO), have been widely explored for biomedical and biological applications, including cancer research. Despite some recent works proving that GO inhibits the migration and invasion of different cancer cells, so far most of these in vitro studies have been conducted using GO sheets dispersed in solution or as a planar film. On the contrary, little is known about cellular activities, such as cell viability, adhesion, and spreading, when cancer cells interface with GO functionalized hydrogel-based surfaces, biomechanically and structurally more similar to the tumor environment. Here, we evaluate the interactions of human breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) with alginate (Alg)/GO hydrogel-based substrates, and compare them with a cancer cell line from human osteosarcoma (HOS) and healthy murine fibroblasts (3T3). We observed that GO addition selectively inhibits malignant breast cancer cell adhesion efficiency and spreading area, while promotes HOS and 3T3 adhesive processes. Furthermore, we did not observe the same results over Alg substrates with GO nanosheets dispersed in the medium, without embedment into the Alg. This suggests that cancer (MDA-MB-231 and HOS) and healthy (3T3) cell adhesion efficacy does not depend on the cellular tumoral nature and it is driven by the topographical cues provided by the GO-based substrates, whose physical-mechanical characteristics better mimic those of the cell native tissue. We envision that this study can provide a rational for future design and use of graphene-based nanomaterials for cancer research by deepening the knowledge of graphene-cancer cell specific interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41978-41985
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 12 2018

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • breast cancer cells
  • cancer models
  • graphene substrates
  • topography
  • vinculin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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