Total antioxidant capacity of the diet is inversely and independently related to plasma concentration of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in adult Italian subjects

Furio Brighenti, Silvia Valtueña, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Diego Ardigò, Daniele Del Rio, Sara Salvatore, PierMarco Piatti, Mauro Serafini, Ivana Zavaroni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inflammation, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is associated with low plasma levels of antioxidant vitamins. In addition to vitamins, other antioxidants modulate the synthesis of inflammatory markers in vitro and contribute to the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of a diet. However, the relationship between dietary TAC and markers of inflammation has never been evaluated in vivo. We investigated the relationship between dietary TAC and markers of systemic (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), leucocytes) and vascular (soluble intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1) inflammation in 243 non-diabetic subjects. General Linear Model (GLM) analysis showed a significant (P=0.005) inverse relationship between hs-CRP and quartiles of energy-adjusted dietary TAC, even when recognized modulating factors of inflammation, namely alcohol, fibre, vitamin C, α-tocopherol, β-carotene, BMI, waist circumference, HDL-cholesterol, hypertension, insulin sensitivity and plasma β-carotene, were included in the model as covariates (P=0.004). The relationship was stronger for subjects with hypertension (P=0.013 v. P=0.109 for normotensive individuals). Among dietary factors, TAC was significantly higher (5.3 (SD 3.0) v. 4.9 (SD 2.7) mmol Trolox/d; P=0.026) in subjects with low plasma hs-CRP (range: 0.0-4.1 mg/1) than in subjects with high plasma hs-CRP (range: 4.2-27.8 mg/1). We conclude that dietary TAC is inversely and independently correlated with plasma concentrations of hs-CRP and this could be one of the mechanisms explaining the protective effects against CVD of antioxidant-rich foods such as fruits, whole cereals and red wine. This could be of particular significance for subjects with high blood pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-625
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume93
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • High-sensitivity C-reactive protein
  • Hypertension
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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