Total arterial myocardial revascularization

G. Paolini, M. A. Mariani, S. Benussi, M. Zuccari, G. Di Credico, C. Gallorini, A. Grossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The superiority of the internal thoracic artery (ITA) compared with venous conduits in terms of late graft patency is nowadays well documented. The inferior epigastric artery (IEA) was recently proposed as an alternative conduit for coronary artery surgery with good early clinical and angiographic results. To improve the benefits from myocardial revascularization, we expanded the use of these arterial conduits. From June 1988 to December 1991, 615 patients underwent coronary surgery in our institute. In 138 of them (22.4%) we performed total arterial myocardial revascularization placing 2 or more coronary anastomoses. An average of 2.37 anastomoses per patient were placed with the maximum number of 6 in one case. Only one patient died of cardiac related causes (0.72%). Perioperative morbidity included myocardial infarction and sternal dehiscence in 5 patients each (3.6%). No stroke or reoperation for bleeding occurred. No rectus muscle necrosis was recorded. Accurate preoperative planning of graft placement allows for the performance of as many as 6 distal anastomoses using bilateral ITA and single IEA grafts only, thus completely revascularizing most of the hearts with three-vessel disease. In our series this procedure was not reflected in an increase in the perioperative morbidity. We choose an elective total arterial revascularization in younger (under 65 years) patients who, while showing a lower incidence of complications in our study, are likely to derive the highest benefits from the good durability of ITA and hopefully IEA grafts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-95
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Interior epigastric artery
  • Internal thoracic artery
  • Myocardial revascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

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