Total intravenous hyperalimentation (TIH) complications in childhood: a radiological survey

F. Bellini, G. Beluffi, N. Principi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sixty consecutive patients, except for one 7-year-old patient, their ages varying from 1 day to 12 months received total intravenous hyperalimentation (TIH). It was possible to observe non-pathological catheter malpositions and, in 14 patients, other complications. The most serious complications observed included the following: thrombus and pericatheter thrombus calcification; superior vena cava thrombotic occlusion; hydrothorax; mediastinal effusion; generalized septic arthritis; venous transfixion with flooding of the soft tissues of the neck; vein wall lesions; collateral vertebral circulation; and a catheter tip blocked in vein. A brief comment is given on the use of this procedure and what may happen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-10
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1984

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Keywords

  • Catheter calcification
  • Complications of TIH thrombus
  • Hydrothorax
  • Mediastinal effusion
  • Septic arthritis
  • Superior vena cava occlusion
  • Total intravenous hyperalimentation (TIH)
  • Vein transfixion, vein wall lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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