Today, total joint replacement is the treatment of choice for chronic haemophilic arthropathy of the knee and hip in developed and developing countries. After the last World Haemophilia Congress and Musculoskeletal Congress, we cannot say the same for haemophilic patients with inhibitors because elective surgery today is still limited to few centres and extremely few patients. This is because until the first half of the 1990s, performing surgery in haemophilic patients with inhibitors was associated with a high risk of bleeding. With the availability of activated recombinant factor VII, the first surgical procedures were performed, but they still remain limited because of the elevated costs of replacement therapy. Our goal for the future must be to ensure the same possibility of surgical intervention in haemophilic patients both with and without inhibitors. This will be possible, thanks to the experience of some centres with an increased number of patients, where today this kind of surgery is routinely performed.
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