Total knee arthroplasty in stiff knee compared with flexible knees

M. Fosco, M. Filanti, L. Amendola, L. M. Savarino, D. Tigani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This retrospective study was done to evaluate the results of total knee arthroplasty performed on 32 patients with stiff knee, having a preoperative arc of movement between 0° and 50° (average 30°). This group of patients were matched with a group of 32 flexible knees, randomly selected from the same cohort of patients who underwent knee arthroplasty in our ward. At a mean follow- up of 4.5 years (min 2, max 11 years), seven patients of the stiff group reported complications (21.8% overall): four prosthetic infection that successively underwent removal of the implant, one skin necrosis 4 months after the intervention, one early contracture and one late stiffness of the knee. In the control group, in two cases, there was substitution of the implant due to periprosthetic infection. At the end of the study period, the clinical evaluation was not possible in four patients of the stiff and in two patients of the control group who underwent revision of the prosthetic components. An excellent or good clinical result was obtained in 92% of stiff group and in 96% of the control group patients. Although the final results achieved in these patients are worse than those of patients with flexible knee due to disadvantageous preoperative conditions and high complication rate, our results demonstrate the efficacy of the arthroplasty procedure as treatment of stiff knee.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-12
Number of pages6
JournalMusculoskeletal Surgery
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Knee infection
  • Range of motion
  • Stiff knee
  • Total joint replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

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  • Cite this

    Fosco, M., Filanti, M., Amendola, L., Savarino, L. M., & Tigani, D. (2011). Total knee arthroplasty in stiff knee compared with flexible knees. Musculoskeletal Surgery, 95(1), 7-12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12306-011-0099-6