Total knee arthroplasty kinematics: Computer simulation and intraoperative evaluation

S. Martelli, R. E. Ellis, M. Marcacci, S. Zaffagnini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The goal of this work was to develop computer simulations for intraoperative resting of the passive kinematics of knee prostheses. These are based on an anatomic model of the reconstructed joint, represented in the sagittal plane. A femoral component and a tibial component are linked by 3 springs that model the relevant ligaments, with the posterior cruciate providing the primary constraint. The components' behavior at each flexion angle is obtained by minimizing the total strain energy stored in the ligaments. Simulations were performed in vivo on 10 Interax implants (Howmedica International, Stain, UK) and showed good agreement with intraoperative observations, allowing monitoring of new parameters such as contact point motion, ligament strains, and the energetic slate of the knee. This work contributes to the comprehension of individual knee kinematics after total knee arthroplasty, to improve long-term results and standardize the evaluation of the results of joint restoration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-155
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1998


  • Knee
  • Model
  • Prosthesis
  • Simulation
  • Total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery


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