In those countries in which soy bean oil emulsions are not marketed, total parenteral nutrition is usually carried out with fat free solutions. To prevent the essential fatty acid deficiency syndrome and to cover the physiological need for these fatty acids it was suggested that transfusions of 10-15 ml/kg of whole blood or fresh plasma twice a week should be added to the infusion of glucose, proteins and mineral salts. The real effectiveness of this substitutive therapy was studied in 5 infants treated with total parenteral nutrition for severe chronic diarrhea. The authors conclude that the minimal requirement of essential fatty acids in infants fed with total parenteral nutrition cannot be satisfied with fresh plasma or blood transfusion.
|Translated title of the contribution||Total parenteral nutrition with fat free solutions. II. The essential fatty acid deficiency|
|Title of host publication||RIV.ITAL.PEDIAT.|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1975|
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