Total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter in NIDDM patients

Antonio Ceriello, Nadia Bortolotti, Edmondo Falleti, Claudio Taboga, Laura Tonutti, Adriana Crescentini, Enrico Motz, Sebastiano Lizzio, Assunta Russo, Ettore Bartoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE - The existence of an oxidative stress in diabetes is still debated. This is largely due to the lack of good tools to assay the level of oxidative stress. The use of total radical trap ping antioxidant parameter (TRAP) has recently been proposed to explore the antioxidant property of a plasma sample. TRAP may be either directly measured by a fluorescence-based method (TRAPm) or calculated (TRAPc) by a mathematical formula, taking into account the serum levels of four natural antioxidants: protein-bound SH (thiol) groups, uric acid, vitamin E, and vitamin C. The difference between TRAPm and TRAPc is due to antioxidants, which are still unidentified, and to the possible synergism among the antioxidants. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - In this study, we evaluated malondialdehyde (MDA), TRAPm, TRAPc, protein- bound SH groups, uric acid, vitamin E, and vitamin C in 40 NIDDM patients and 40 matched normal control subjects. RESULTS - TRAPm and TRAPc were significantly lower in diabetic patients. A good correlation between TRAPm and TRAPc was found in both NIDDM patients (r = 0.68, P <0.0001) and control subjects (r = 0.74, P <0.0001). Protein-bound SH groups and uric acid were significantly lower in diabetic subjects, while MDA and vitamin E level were significantly higher. After correction for serum triglycerides (MDA) and cholesterol (vitamin E), MDA lost significance, while vitamin E did not Vitamin C was not different in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS - These data show decreased TRAp levels in NIDDM patients, suggesting the existence of lower antioxidant defenses in diabetes. The decrease appears to be due to various antioxidants, some of them not yet clearly defined. TRAP may represent a more reliable estimation of serum antioxidant capacity than the measurement of each known antioxidants. The correlation found between TRAPm and TRAPc values suggests that TRAPc, easier to measure than TRAPm, might be adequately reliable for routine assessment of oxidative stress in diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalDiabetes Care
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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