Trabecular bone mineral density in primary hyperparathyroidism: Relationship to clinical presentation and biomarkers of skeletal turnover

S. Minisola, R. Rosso, E. Romagnoli, M. T. Pacitti, L. Scarnecchia, V. Carnevale, G. Mazzuoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study was carried out in order to investigate the entity of trabecular bone involvement in 62 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured in all patients at the ultradistal radius (UDR) of the non-dominant arm by a dual photon densitometer and also at the lumbar spine (L) in 40 of the patients by means of quantitative dual energy radiography. Mean Z score values of UDR-BMD (-2.4 ± 0.4) and L-BMD (-3.5 ± 0.2) in patients with the skeletal variety of the disease (n = 6) were significantly reduced in respect to values of both asymptomatic (n = 31) and kidney stone patients (n = 25). As far as the comparison between the two sites of trabecular bone mass measurement in each hyperparathyroid subgroup of patients was concerned, a significant difference (P <0.05) was found in patients with skeletal manifestations of the disease. Either serum total alkaline phosphatase activity, or osteocalcin and the 24-h hydroxyproline/creatinine ratio were significantly inversely related to the entity of bone mass evaluated at these two sites. Z score changes following surgery in 14 patients showed a positive trend in 13 of them at L compared to 7 out of 14 at UDR (P <0.036 by chi square analysis). There was a very good inverse correlation between basal Z score values and the changes following surgery at the L (r = -0.851; P <0.001) but not at the UDR. Our results demonstrate firstly that, in PHPT skeletal sites with almost similar composition of trabecular bone are differently involved in patients with more severe skeletal damage and that different skeletal sites may be divergently affected by the cessation of parathyroid gland hyperfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-123
Number of pages11
JournalBone and Mineral
Volume20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993

Keywords

  • bone mineral density
  • primary hyperparathyroidism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Surgery

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    Minisola, S., Rosso, R., Romagnoli, E., Pacitti, M. T., Scarnecchia, L., Carnevale, V., & Mazzuoli, G. (1993). Trabecular bone mineral density in primary hyperparathyroidism: Relationship to clinical presentation and biomarkers of skeletal turnover. Bone and Mineral, 20(2), 113-123.