Tracheostomy is one of the most frequently performed procedures in the intensive care unit (ICU) , especially after the introduction of percutaneous techniques . It is performed in critically ill patients to protect the airway, remove secretions, or provide ventilatory support .The indications for placement of a tracheostomy tube include failure to wean from invasive mechanical ventilation, impaired neurologic status, an inability to handle excessive secretions, and the need to bypass an upper-airway obstruction . In addition, the placement of a tracheostomy tube facilitates the transfer of the patient from the ICU to a weaning facility such as a step-down unit or a long-term care hospital .
|Title of host publication||Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation and Difficult Weaning in Critical Care: Key Topics and Practical Approaches|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||8|
|ISBN (Print)||9783319042596, 9783319042589|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2016|
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