The sequence of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) U51 open reading frame predicts a protein of 301 amino acid residues with seven transmembrane domains. To identify and characterize U51, we derived antipeptide polyclonal antibodies and developed a transient expression assay. We ascertained that U51 was synthesized in cord blood mononuclear cells infected with either variant A- or variant B-HHV-6 and was transported to the surface of productively infected cells. When synthesized in transient expression systems, U51 intracellular trafficking was regulated in a cell-type-dependent fashion. In human monolayer HEK-293 and 143tk- cells, U51 accumulated predominantly in the endoplasmic reticulum and failed to be transported to the cell surface. In contrast, in T-lymphocytic cell lines J-Jhan, Molt-3, and Jurkat, U51 was successfully transported to the plasma membrane. We infer that transport of U51 to the cell surface requires a cell-specific function present in activated T lymphocytes and T-cell lines.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
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