Trail down-regulates the release of osteoprotegerin (OPG) by primary stromal cells

Federica Corallini, Claudio Celeghini, Erika Rimondi, Maria Grazia di Iasio, Arianna Gonelli, Paola Secchiero, Giorgio Zauli

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The soluble member of the TNF-R superfamily osteoprotegerin (OPG) is abundantly released under basal conditions by both mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and fibroblasts and by endothelial cells upon stimulation with inflammatory cytokines. Since MSC, fibroblasts and endothelial cells represent key elements of the normal and tumor microenvironment and express detectable levels of surface TRAIL receptors, we investigated the effect of TRAIL on OPG release. Unexpectedly, recombinant TRAIL decreased the spontaneous OPG release in all cell types examined. Moreover, TRAIL decreased OPG release also in stromal cells co-cultured with lymphoma cells and counteracted the OPG induction by ${\rm TNF} \hbox{-} {\tilde {\alpha }}$ in HUVEC and MSC. Such down-regulation was not due to a masking effect in the ELISA quantification of the OPG released in the culture supernatants due to binding of OPG to its ligands (TRAIL and RANKL), as demonstrated by competition experiments with recombinant TRAIL and by the lack of RANKL release/induction. In addition, OPG down-regulation was not due to induction of cytotoxic effects by TRAIL, since the degree of apoptosis in response to TRAIL was negligible in all primary cell types. With regards to the possible molecular mechanism accounting for the down-regulation of OPG release by TRAIL, we found that treatment of MSC with TRAIL significantly decreased the phosphorylation levels of p38/MAPK. There is a suggestion that this pathway is involved in the stabilization of OPG mRNA. In this respect, the ability of TRAIL to decrease the release of OPG, in the absence of cell cytotoxicity, was mimicked by the p38/MAPK inhibitor SB203580.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2279-2286
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

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  • Cite this

    Corallini, F., Celeghini, C., Rimondi, E., di Iasio, M. G., Gonelli, A., Secchiero, P., & Zauli, G. (2011). Trail down-regulates the release of osteoprotegerin (OPG) by primary stromal cells. Journal of Cellular Physiology, 226(9), 2279-2286.