Training of adult psychiatrists and child and adolescent psychiatrists in europe: a systematic review of training characteristics and transition from child/adolescent to adult mental health services

Milestone Consortium, Frederick Russet, Veronique Humbertclaude, Gwen Dieleman, Katarina Dodig-Ćurković, Gaelle Hendrickx, Vlatka Kovač, Fiona McNicholas, Athanasios Maras, Santosh Paramala, Moli Paul, Ulrike M E Schulze, Giulia Signorini, Cathy Street, Priya Tah, Helena Tuomainen, Swaran P Singh, Sabine Tremmery, Diane Purper-Ouakil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Profound clinical, conceptual and ideological differences between child and adult mental health service models contribute to transition-related discontinuity of care. Many of these may be related to psychiatry training. METHODS: A systematic review on General Adult Psychiatry (GAP) and Child and Adult Psychiatry (CAP) training in Europe, with a particular focus on transition as a theme in GAP and CAP training. RESULTS: Thirty-four full-papers, six abstracts and seven additional full text documents were identified. Important variations between countries were found across several domains including assessment of trainees, clinical and educational supervision, psychotherapy training and continuing medical education. Three models of training were identified: i) a generalist common training programme; ii) totally separate training programmes; iii) mixed types. Only two national training programs (UK and Ireland) were identified to have addressed transition as a topic, both involving CAP exclusively. CONCLUSION: Three models of training in GAP and CAP across Europe are identified, suggesting that the harmonization is not yet realised and a possible barrier to improving transitional care. Training in transition has only recently been considered. It is timely, topical and important to develop evidence-based training approaches on transitional care across Europe into both CAP and GAP training.
Original languageEnglish
Article number204
JournalBMC Medical Education
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 13 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Education
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • *Mental Health Services
  • *Patient Transfer
  • Psychiatry/*education

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