Trait and State Craving as Indicators of Validity of VR-based Software for Binge Eating Treatment

Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Marta Ferrer-Garcia, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Antonios Dakanalis, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Adela Fusté-Escolano, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Giuseppe Riva, Carmina Saldaña, Isabel Sánchez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The aim of this study was to establish whether virtual reality (VR) exposure to food cues is able to produce craving levels consistent with state-craving and trait-craving as assessed by the Spanish and Italian versions of the State and Trait Food Craving Questionnaires (FCQ-T/S). The results were compared in 40 patients with eating disorders (17 with binge eating disorder, 23 with bulimia nervosa) and 78 healthy control subjects without eating disorders. Controls and patients with higher levels of trait-craving and state-craving both showed a greater desire to eat during VR exposure. Results also showed that trait and state craving assessed by FCQ-T/S were able to predict the total mean craving experienced during exposure to the VR software in both clinical and control samples. These findings present preliminary evidence about the validity of a new virtual reality-based application for cue-exposure treatment in patients with eating disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnual Review of Cybertherapy and Telemedicine 2015: Virtual Reality in Healthcare: Medical Simulation and Experiential Interface
PublisherIOS Press
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781614995944
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
ISSN (Print)09269630
ISSN (Electronic)18798365


  • binge eating
  • bulimia nervosa
  • clinical sample
  • cue-exposure therapy
  • food craving
  • low-cost VR systems
  • Virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management


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