Tranexamic acid effects on cartilage and synovial tissue: an in vitro study for a possible safe intra-articular use

A. G. Marmotti, S. Mattia, L Mangiavini, D. E. Bonasia, M Bruzzone, Federico Dettoni, F. Rosso, D. Blonna, R Rossi, F. Castoldi, G M Peretti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The possible toxic effects of intra-articular tranexamic acid (TA) are still debated. The aim of this study was to evaluate TA effects on human cartilage fragments and synovial biopsies. Explant culture of minced articular cartilage underwent prolonged TA exposure. Histological analysis, immunofluorescence and colorimetric assay for quantification of s-GAG and DNA were performed at the end term. Synoviocytes were cultured for 48h in presence of TA. Light microscopy and flow cytometry analysis were performed at the end of the exposure to TA and one week after the treatment. TA exposure did not influence i) the chondrocyte outgrowth and migration, ii) the expression of chondrogenic and proliferative markers and iii) the s-GAG/DNA ratio. TA treatment did not affect synoviocytes’ morphology and treated cells were phenotypically similar to control cells. This study demonstrated that TA does not negatively affect chondrocytes and synoviocytes cultured in vitro. Thus, our findings may be clinically relevant in order to validate the intra-articular TA administration during orthopedic procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Volume30
Issue number4 Suppl 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 23 2016

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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